• Sinharaja Forest Reserve

The Sinharaja Forest Reserve is a virgin lowland rain forest in Sri Lanka. This biologically unique forest spreads across 11187 hectares and is located in the southwest lowland wet zones of the Ratnapura, Galle and Matara districts.

 In 1978 this forest reserve was declared as a Man and Biosphere Reserve and as it is the ideal representation of a tropical humid evergreen forest eco system, it has been recognized as a part of the International Network of Biosphere reserves by the UNESCO. Later on it was declared a National wilderness area and also as a world heritage site. Sinharaja Forest Reserve boasts endemic flora and fauna. The dense vegetation keeps the wildlife well hidden and therefore explorers of this forest reserve generally get to see only a mere fraction of the wildlife. The most commonly spotted mammal is the endemic Purple-faced Langur. For the bird lover, the area features 20 out of the 26 endemic birds including the Green-billed Coucal, Sri Lankan Blue Magpie and the Red-faced Malkoha. The endemic Green-pit Viper and the Hump-nosed viper are some of the reptiles found here. Most commonly seen are the tree frogs and various types of butterflies.